Paris Manuscript F

Paris Manuscript F 1508-13

The main subjects of Manuscript F are water, the science of optics, geology and astronomy.

Leonardo also poses interesting cosmological questions in this manuscript, as he speculates on the nature of light on the moon, the origins of its spots, and the appearance of the earth as it would be seen by someone standing on the moon.

The compactness of the writing and homogeneity of writing style in this manuscript indicates that it was compiled during a relatively short time span.

The manuscript comprises of 96 folios.

  • Medium Pen and ink on paper
  • Size 14.5 x 10 cm
  • Location Bibliothèque de l’Institut de France

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